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2022考研英语经济学人:伊拉克向外国人敞开了大门

时间:2021-05-19 16:05:14 编辑:leichenchen

      考研英语阅读能力想提升,需要考生不断地日积月累阅读文章才能感受到进步!接下来,小编为帮助考生补习英语阅读能力的不足,特意整理——2022考研英语经济学人:伊拉克向外国人敞开了大门,供考生参考。

2022考研英语经济学人:伊拉克向外国人敞开了大门

Getting into Iraq has never been easy. Saddam Hussein was loth to grant visas to curious Westerners, lest they see evidence of his regime’s brutality. After his overthrow in 2003, the borders opened up, but war kept civilians away.

入境伊拉克从来都不是一件容易的事。萨达姆·侯赛因是不愿给充满好奇心的西方人发放签证的,因为害怕他们收集到其施暴政的证据。2003年,随着萨达姆政权被推翻,伊拉克边境开始变得开放,但连年的战争迫使民众纷纷远走他乡。

Then Iraq’s new rulers lowered a paper portcullis, demanding fees and the completion of myriad forms. Local middlemen offered to help—for a price, of course. Oil firms coughed up thousands of dollars to get their workers in.

随后,伊拉克新的统治者放宽了入境限制,人们只需缴纳费用并填写多张表格即可获得签证。当地中介也会提供帮助——当然,这需要支付一定费用。石油公司勉强拿出了数千美元以便让他们的工人入境。

That is all changing. Last month Mustafa al-Kadhimi, the prime minister, scrapped visa requirements for visitors from 36 countries, including America, China and those in the EU.

但这一切都在发生变化。上个月,伊拉克总理穆斯塔法·卡迪希米对来自36个国家(其中包括美国、中国和欧盟国家等)的游客实行了免签政策。

They will be granted a two-month entry permit on arrival. Officials say the move will cut red tape, encourage investment and kick-start reconstruction. “It’s the single most effective decision to open Iraq to the world,” says a frequent German visitor.

这些国家的人们在抵达伊拉克后将获得为期两个月的入境许可。伊拉克官员表示,此举将减少繁文缛节,鼓励人们前来投资,并能推动伊拉克的重建工作。一位经常前来伊拉克的德国人称:“这是向世界开放伊拉克的唯一最有效的决定。”

The move is an effort to reposition Iraq as “an area of co-operation, not confrontation”, says one of Mr Kadhimi’s men. The prime minister hopes it will also let Iraq depend less on Iran. His advisers dream of attracting expats and even tourists. Iraq is certainly safer than it used to be. A visit by Pope Francis last month went off without a hitch.

卡迪希米的一位部下表示,此举旨在将伊拉克重新定位为“一个合作而非对抗的地区”。总理希望此举能减少伊拉克对伊朗的依赖。总理的顾问们希望能吸引外国人(甚至外国游客)前来。现在的伊拉克肯定比过去更安全了。上个月,教皇方济各对伊拉克的访问也很顺利。

Not everyone is happy, though. Some officials prefer Iranian to Western influence; others fear losing out on bribes. And xenophobia is still a problem.

不过,并非所有人都对此感到高兴。一些官员更亲伊朗而非西方国家;还有一些人则担心失去受贿的机会。同时,仇外心理也是一大问题。

Clerics accuse the government of giving Westerners priority over pilgrims from Muslim countries that are not included in the plan. “It’s discrimination and won’t bring back tourism,” says a cleric in the holy city of Najaf.

神职人员指责政府优先考虑的是西方人,而非来自其他穆斯林国家(这些国家不在免签国名单里)的朝圣者。圣城纳杰夫的一位神职人员说:“这是一种歧视,是不会让伊拉克的旅游业走向复苏的。”

The doors are not fully open yet. Iraqi consular staff say they have not been officially notified of the changes and that foreigners should still apply for visas. Mr Kadhimi’s underlings don’t always enforce his decrees. Spring break in Baghdad may have to wait until next year.

伊拉克的大门还没有完全打开。伊拉克领事馆的工作人员说,他们尚未接到有关这些变化的正式通知,目前外国人仍需申请签证才能入境。卡迪希米的部下并不总会执行他的法令。想在巴格达欢度春假的人们可能要等到明年了。

 

重难点词汇:

portcullis [pɔːrtˈkʌlɪs] n. 吊闸;铁闸门

cough up 勉强说出;被迫付出

red tape 繁文缛节;官样文章

confrontation [ˌkɑːnfrənˈteɪʃn] n. 对抗;面对;对峙

xenophobia [ˌzenəˈfoʊbiə] n. 仇外;对外国人的畏惧和憎恨

      以上是“2022考研英语经济学人:伊拉克向外国人敞开了大门”,希望对2022考研考生们,在英语阅读上面有所帮助!祝2022考研顺利!

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